Blue Mounds Fort

© Photographed October 16, 2015
Erected 1992 by Dane County Historical Society
 Blue Mounds, Dane County, Wisconsin
43° 0.909′ N, 89° 49.6′ W
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The onset of the Black Hawk War in northwestern Illinois in April, 1832 triggered panic in southwestern Wisconsin's lead mining region, prompting erection of over a dozen stockades. On an open prairie knoll 3/4 mile south of this marker, area miners and settlers who became part of Col. Henry Dodge's militia built Blue Mounds Fort. Here the Hall sisters, survivors of the Indian Creek massacre, were released for ransom through Winnebago intercession. W.G. Aubrey, George Force and Emerson Green died in ambush attacks near the stockade. After the Battle of Wisconsin Heights, troops regrouped here. Despite repeated surrender attempts, Black Hawk's band of Sac and Fox Indians was virtually annihilated at the junction of the Bad Axe and Mississippi Rivers August 2. Thus ended one Native American group's efforts to escape the tragic consequences of white settlement.

The heirs of Col. Ebenezer Brigham donated a portion of the Fort site to the State Historical Society in 1921.
The marker is located on westbound County Highway Id, at its intersection with Division Street, in a grassy area at the east side of the intersection, Blue Mounds, Wisconsin 53517.

Wikipedia: Blue Mounds Fort 

Wisconsin magazine of history: Volume 86, number 4, summer 2003: Uncovering the story of Fort Blue 

The Black Hawk War of 1832
This marker is included in the "black hawk war" marker series. Use the "black hawk war" label, below, to locate all markers in this series included on the Wisconsin Historical Markers website.

An illustration of Black Hawk,
This media file is in the public domain.

To Brigadier General H. Atkinson:
SIR—The changes of fortune and vicissitudes of war made you my conqueror. When my last resources were exhausted, my warriors worn down with long and toilsome marches, we yielded, and I became your prisoner.
The story of my life is told in the following pages: it is intimately connected, and in some measure, identified, with a part of the history of your own: I have, therefore, dedicated it to you.
The changes of many summers have brought old age upon me, and I can not expect to survive many moons. Before I set out on my journey to the land of my fathers, I have determined to give my motives and reasons for my former hostilities to the whites, and to vindicate my character from misrepresentation. The kindness I received from you whilst a prisoner of war assures me that you will vouch for the facts contained in my narrative, so far as they came under your observation.
I am now an obscure member of a nation that formerly honored and respected my opinions. The pathway to glory is rough, and many gloomy hours obscure it. May the Great Spirit shed light on yours, and that you may never experience the humility that the power of the American government has reduced me to, is the wish of him, who, in his native forests, was once as proud and bold as yourself.
10th Moon, 1833.
Black Hawk State Historic Site, Rock Island, Illinois

The marker is located in Blue Mounds, Wisconsin.

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