The Wite Pine / The Red Pine

© Photographed May 23, 2015
Eau Claire, Eau Claire County, Wisconsin
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The "Pinery" that once stood in Northern Wisconsin got it's [sic] name from the great White Pines (Pinus strobus) [sic]  that once dominated our vast woodlands. In the early 1800's, the river valleys of the Chippewa, Eau Claire, Red Cedar and Black held billions of board feet of pine lumber with as much as 1 to 1.5 million board feet in a small 40 acre tract. By 1920, the sawyers work was done and the area actually had to begin to import pine lumber from the western part of the United States. Today, only remnant stands of White Pine exist in northern Wisconsin and there are only a few trees left that compare to the height and stature of the 100 foot [sic] monarchs that once numbered in the billions. The state record Eastern White Pine is in Forest County. It measures 210 inches in circumference and stands 148 feet high.

The White Pines susceptibility to "White Pine Blister Rust" has now reduced its regeneration in most areas and the Red Pine (Pinus resinosa) [sic] is now the most significant pine in our state. Highly valued in the pulp and paper industry, this tree is now planted in plantation form throughout all of Wisconsin and the upper mid-west. It is also commonly called the Norway Pine.
This name refers to the Red Pines [sic] predominance in the area around Norway, Main and has no connection with the country of Norway. The state record Red Pine can be found in Douglas County. It measured 116 inches in circumference and stands 118 feet high.

The Red Pine is a two needled [sic] hard pine, whereas, the White Pine can be referred to as a five needled [sic] soft pine. There are many other significant differences between the two species. For instance, the Red Pine needs exposure to the sun and can survive in very droughty [sic] soils while the White Pine can tolerate shady places and prefers cooler, less sandy spols. The bark of the White Pine is very dark, slightly ridged and hard. The bark of the Red Pine is reddish and flaky.

Both Species [sic]  grow on the grounds around the Paul Bunyan Camp Museum. We recommend you take time to listen to the wind move through their feathery foliage. The haunting sounds of the wind moving through these "whispering pines" cries [sic]  out the history of Eau Claire -- Sawdust City.
 The marker is located at the Paul Bunyan Logging Camp Museum, located at Carson Park, accessible from East Half Moon Drive, between Carson Park Drive (to the south) and Pavilion Drive (to the north), at or near 1110 Carson Park Drive, Eau Claire, Wisconsin 54701.

NOTE: Carson Park is on an island in Half Moon Lake; East Half Moon Drive / West Half Moon Drive is a loop around the island; it is impossible to miss the Paul Bunyan Logging Camp Museum.

The marker is located at the Paul Bunyan Logging Camp.

Follow the signs to the Paul Bunyan Logging Camp Museum.

The marker is located at Carson Park.

Carson Park is located in Eau Claire, Wisconsin.

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