© Photographed April 7-8, 2017
Erected by Vernon County Historical Society, Wisconsin Humanities
Committee, Wisconsin State Dept. of Transportation,
and Vernon County Highway Department
Viroqua, Vernon County, Wisconsin
43° 27.592′ N, 91° 3.739′ W
HISTORIC TRAIL MARKERS
These markers were each moved a short distance to this spot in 1993. This entire area was heavily wooded in 1832 and had abundant springs. Black Hawk's band, many who were starving and dying, camped near here, as did the army and militia a day later.Grateful appreciation is given to Dr. C.V. Porter whose hard work and dedication preserved this segment of history for all.Vernon County Historical SocietyWisconsin Humanities CommitteeWisconsin State Dept. of TransportationVernon County Highway DepartmentThe State of Wisconsin recognizes Dr. Porter's markers as part of Vernon County history but does not condone the language or prejudicial inferences used on some of the markers. Dr. Porter used descriptive, interpretative language which he researched and felt was acceptable for his time.
The marker is located on a highway pull-of on westbound State Highway 82, west of its intersection with Fortner Avenue, Viroqua, Wisconsin 54665.
Education for Liberation: Black Hawk: Chief of the Sauk NationUse the "black hawk war" label, below, to locate all markers in this series included on the Wisconsin Historical Markers website.
The Project Gutenberg EBook of Autobiography of Ma-ka-tai-me-she-kia-kiak,or Black Hawk, by Black Hawk
Black Hawk State Historic Site, Rock Island, IllinoisDEDICATIONTo Brigadier General H. Atkinson:SIR—The changes of fortune and vicissitudes of war made you my conqueror. When my last resources were exhausted, my warriors worn down with long and toilsome marches, we yielded, and I became your prisoner.The story of my life is told in the following pages: it is intimately connected, and in some measure, identified, with a part of the history of your own: I have, therefore, dedicated it to you.The changes of many summers have brought old age upon me, and I can not expect to survive many moons. Before I set out on my journey to the land of my fathers, I have determined to give my motives and reasons for my former hostilities to the whites, and to vindicate my character from misrepresentation. The kindness I received from you whilst a prisoner of war assures me that you will vouch for the facts contained in my narrative, so far as they came under your observation.I am now an obscure member of a nation that formerly honored and respected my opinions. The pathway to glory is rough, and many gloomy hours obscure it. May the Great Spirit shed light on yours, and that you may never experience the humility that the power of the American government has reduced me to, is the wish of him, who, in his native forests, was once as proud and bold as yourself.BLACK HAWK.10th Moon, 1833.
These markers are also at this location:
The marker is in the center, bottom right.
An illustration of Sauk Chief Makataimeshekiakiah, or Black Hawk, 1837,
This media file is in the public domain;
At the Battle (Massacre) of Bad Axe, the end of the journey.
The landscape looks very different the next day at sunrise . . .
Signage leading to the marker location.
The marker is located in Viroqua, Wisconsin.