Wetlands for Wildlife & People

 © Photographed April 18, 2015
Horicon National Wildlife Refuge
Waupun, Dodge County, Wisconsin
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Wetlands for Wildlife & People

What is a Wetland
Wetlands are transition zones between land and water. They are characterized by saturated soils, fluctuating water levels, and plants that have special adaptations for survival in water.

There are many different types of wetlands, including freshwater marshes, swamps, bogs, rivers, lakes, ponds, and saltwater marshes. These soggy areas are some of the most biologically diverse habitats found in the world -- supporting thousands of plant and animal species. 
Importance of Wetlands
Wetlands provide crucial habitat for many types of resident animals and migratory birds, and they are important for people, too, With their sponge-like soil, wetlands help to control flooding by holding water long after it rains, releasing it slowly into the surrounding areas of the watershed. As water seeps through the wetland soil, pollutants are filtered out, and cleaner water leaves the wetland, entering into nearby streams and drinking water sources. Wetlands are areas where people can enjoy recreational activities, such as hiking, fishing, photography, and wildlife observation.
The marker is the first stop on the three-mile Horicon National Wildlife Refuge Auto Tour & Trails tour loop. The entrance to the Horicon National Wildlife Refuge | Tempike Auto Tour is located on eastbound Wisconsin Highway 49, about three miles east of the Wisconsin Highway 151 exit, Waupun, Wisconsin 53963.

"Horicon" -- a Mohican word meaning pure, clean water. 

Horicon Marsh is one of only 22 sites in the
United States that is recognized as a
Wetland of International Importance.

The marker is at the kiosk on the left.

 Horicon National Wildlife Refuge Auto Tour and Walking Trails
( the auto tour is the circle of red dots)

The marker is located on the Horicon National Wildlife Refuge
Auto Tour & Trails in Horicon, Wisconsin.

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