Blackhawk and Winnebago Trail (No. 4 CVP)

© Photographed April 7-8, 2017
Erected 1930 by Viroqua, Wisconsin historian Dr. C.V. Porter
(Marker No. 4 CVP)
De Soto, Vernon County, Wisconsin
43° 27.972′ N, 91° 5.768′ W
Google Map


Two trails across
Dr. Bean's door yard, the
Black Hawk Retreat and
the Winnebago Trail
which ran from Winne-
shiek's (De Soto) village
to large Winnebago town
above the forks of the
Kickapoo at Manning
prior to 1840.

Dr. D.A. Bean 1854
Wm T Sterling 1840

No 4 CVP

The marker is located at a highway turn-off on westbound Wisconsin Highway 82, at its intersection with Anderson Ridge Road, De Soto, Wisconsin 54624,

Education for Liberation: Black Hawk: Chief of the Sauk Nation

To Brigadier General H. Atkinson:
SIR—The changes of fortune and vicissitudes of war made you my conqueror. When my last resources were exhausted, my warriors worn down with long and toilsome marches, we yielded, and I became your prisoner.
The story of my life is told in the following pages: it is intimately connected, and in some measure, identified, with a part of the history of your own: I have, therefore, dedicated it to you.
The changes of many summers have brought old age upon me, and I can not expect to survive many moons. Before I set out on my journey to the land of my fathers, I have determined to give my motives and reasons for my former hostilities to the whites, and to vindicate my character from misrepresentation. The kindness I received from you whilst a prisoner of war assures me that you will vouch for the facts contained in my narrative, so far as they came under your observation.
I am now an obscure member of a nation that formerly honored and respected my opinions. The pathway to glory is rough, and many gloomy hours obscure it. May the Great Spirit shed light on yours, and that you may never experience the humility that the power of the American government has reduced me to, is the wish of him, who, in his native forests, was once as proud and bold as yourself.
10th Moon, 1833.
Black Hawk State Historic Site, Rock Island, Illinois

Use the "black hawk war" label, below, to locate all markers in this series included on the Wisconsin Historical Markers website.

See also, Historic Trail Markers: Blackhawk and Winnebago Trail, also at this location.

 Looking east towards the Mississippi River . . .

 The marker is on a grassy triangle.

An illustration of Sauk Chief Makataimeshekiakiah, or Black Hawk, 1837,
This media file is in the public domain;

At the Battle of Bad Axe, the end of the journey.

 Cool barn on the way to the marker location.

 Same barn, the next morning at sunrise!

 Following the signs to the marker location . . .

The marker is visible in the distance, to the left.
The marker is located near De Soto, Wisconsin.

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