Joseph J. Plank Company 1907

Photographed November 18, 2014
Erected 2010 by John Bergstrom
Neenah, Winnebago County, Wisconsin
44.187968,-88.462861
Google Map

JOSEPH J. PLANK COMPANY 1907
Originally, all U.S. paper mills got their watermark dandy rolls from Europe. If the rolls were damaged in transit across the ocean, there were long delays for repairs. One day, Joseph Plank took a damaged roll home and successfully repaired it himself. In 1907, Plant founded the J.J. Plank Company in Appleton, Wis. Today, it is the world's leading producer of dandy rolls and watermarks. sending equipment around the world, and employs 200 people.
Bergstrom | Legacy Park is located at the entrance to the Plexus Corporation plaza, at the west end of West Church Street, at its T-intersection with North Church Street, near 135 North Church Street, Neenah, Wisconsin 54956.

NOTE: The address for Plexus Corporation is 1 Plexus Way, Neenah, Wisconsin 54956

Legacy Park, located in downtown Neenah, Wisconsin, honors and illustrates a wealth of information on the origin, growth and importance of papermaking in the Fox Valley. The privately funded park was built around the existing base of the former Glatfelter / Bergstrom Paper Co. smokestack.

Wikipedia: Watermark: Dandy Roll Process
A watermark is made by impressing a water-coated metal stamp or dandy roll onto the paper during manufacturing. While watermarks were first introduced in Fabriano, Italy, in 1282,[2] the invention of the dandy roll in 1826 by John Marshall revolutionised the watermark process and made it easier for producers to watermark their paper.

The dandy roll is a light roller covered by material similar to window screen that is embossed with a pattern. Faint lines are made by laid wires that run parallel to the axis of the dandy roll, and the bold lines are made by chain wires that run around the circumference to secure the laid wires to the roll from the outside. Because the chain wires are located on the outside of the laid wires, they have a greater influence on the impression in the pulp, hence their bolder appearance than the laid wire lines.

This embossing is transferred to the pulp fibres, compressing and reducing their thickness in that area. Because the patterned portion of the page is thinner, it transmits more light through and therefore has a lighter appearance than the surrounding paper. If these lines are distinct and parallel, and/or there is a watermark, then the paper is termed laid paper. If the lines appear as a mesh or are indiscernible, and/or there is no watermark, then it is called wove paper. This method is called line drawing watermarks.
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Click here for a  perspective view of a dandy roll in accordance with the invention of a conventional paper-making machine incorporating watermarks into the paper.

J.J. Plank Company: Company History



The marker is mounted at the base of the
former Glatfelter / Bergstrom Paper Co. smokestack.


The entrance to Bergstrom | Legacy Park.

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