Marker 228: Black River Valley

Erected 1976 by Wisconsin Historical Society
Black River Falls, Jackson County, Wisconsin
44° 14.853′ N, 90° 44.197′ W

White pine trees were growing here when Columbus made his voyage to America. In 1819 the first attempts to saw lumber were unsuccessful, but in 1839 Jacob Spaulding founded Black River Falls by erecting the first permanent sawmill and settlement on the Black River.
This valley contained the largest pine trees, some of them up to six feet across at ground level, and the most pine trees per township in the state.
Before logging ended in 1905, more than fifty sawmills had been in operation in Jackson County. Accurate records kept over a period for forty years reveal that enough lumber was sawed to have built a plank road nine feet wide and four inches thick around the world.
Iron ore was smelted at Black River Falls in 1856 and again in 1886, but the old process proved too expensive and was abandoned. The Jackson County Iron Company, a subsidiary of Inland Steel, built a modern processing plant in 1969 that ships 2800 tons of taconite pellets every day of the year to its blast furnaces in Indiana. The mine buildings and open pit mine are visi­ble from the overlook on top of this scenic Bell Mound.
Marker is at Rest Area 54 on westbound Interstate 94, W8600 Interstate 94, Black River Falls, Wisconsin 54615.

The following markers are at this location:
Black River Falls Forest Fire
Marker 195: The Passenger Pigeon
Marker 228: Black River Valley
Marker 300: Highground Veterans Memorial and Plaza
Wisconsin Law Enforcement Officers Tribute

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